Historically, Corsican were mountain people until the 19th century: each coastal city is closely linked to a mountain village. Indeed, coasts were a synonym of disease (malaria) and of pirate incursions.
The history of the island is a succession of invasions, one local moto says “A spessu conquista, mai sottumessa”, meaning “often conquered, never submitted”.
The island is mainly composed of forests (46% of the island), and counts with several landscapes and local or endemic specificities:
- Laricio Pine of Corsica in mountain landscape;
- Some areas like Zicavu have pine trees of over 1000 years old;
- The Corsican maquis is made of Corsican Imortelle, Myrtle, erba barona, Arbousiers, tyme, rosemary, etc.
- There has been a troubled period from the 70’s to 90’s due to the fight for the island’s independence. Since 2014 the Corsican national liberation Front abandoned armed actions, and in 2017 the nationalist party won the regional elections, granting the region with more autonomy than other French regions, although it still has less autonomy than Sardinia for example, due to the French centralized system.
- The 2nd theme pronounced in the 2018 opening session of the Corsican Parliament was climate change, showing that it is definitely on the political agenda.
- Population: 325,000 residents;
- GDP : 8,5 billion euros (0,5% of French GDP);
- GDP per inhabitant: 27000€, which is inferior to the general French average;
- Biggest regional growth of France in 20 years (+2,3% yearly average GDP growth);
- Unemployment rate: 10,5% unemployment rate, with a high seasonal change due to tourism;
- High demographic growth mainly due to new arrivals;
- The main economic activity is Tourism: 40% of Corsican residence are secondary residences. One of the main action of the political agenda is to diversify the economic activities (renewable energies, education and sciences, digital startups).
Key figures Tourism is the most important sector in Corsica: 10,6% of the Island’s employment and 11% of the GDP are generated by tourist’s spending’s (2015); Over 8,9 million passengers were welcomed in the Island (ports, airports, cursers...View More
The following partners are involved in the study of Corsica: TEC (Island Focal Point) NOA UCLM ULPGC The following local stakeholders have declared their interest in participating in the local study of Corsica in the frame of the Soclimpact...View More
Island gallery #1View More