Blue economy sectors

Key figures

Tourism is the most important sector in Corsica:

10,6% of the Island’s employment and 11% of the GDP are generated by tourist’s spending’s (2015);
Over 8,9 million passengers were welcomed in the Island (ports, airports, cursers included) including 3,2 million tourists (2016);
430,000 non-residents at peak season (mid-august) for a population of 320k residents.
The tourism industry is also a major problem on the island, causing high cost of living, long term renting difficulties due to seasonal offers, high property prices, and very low-paid seasonal jobs.

Climate change impacts on tourism

Climate Hazard due to Climate Change Physical impacts Socio-Economic impacts
Less rainfall Lack of available domestic water leading to water restrictions for households and hotels. Decreased tourism comfort leading to a worst reputation of the destination.
Droughts Higher energy consumption for air-conditioners. Higher costs for accommodation providers.
Increased danger of forest fires. Decreased tourism comfort leading to a worst reputation of the destination.
Decreased agricultural production. Decrease of the availability of local gastronomical products for tourists leading to a worst reputation of the destination.
Heat-waves Air quality worsened. Decreased tourism comfort leading to a worst reputation of the destination.
Extreme weather events (storms and flooding) Infrastructure damages. Decreased tourism comfort leading to a worst reputation of the destination.
Decreased thermal comfort in pre-season and post-season. Cancellation of pre-seasonal and post—seasonal travels.
Sea level rise Less beaches. Decreased tourism comfort leading to a worst reputation of the destination.

Key figures

1,5% of the Corsican GDP is produced by the agricultural sector;
The Corsican aquaculture however is developed in the eastern plain of the island, and represents 1022 tons per year, with 11 companies making 10 million euros a year, and employing 120 people;
The shellfish production has grown by 20% in the past three year;
It is an interesting sector driven by a dynamic synergy between university (Universita Corsica), and leading regional businesses such as the Gloria Maris group.

Climate change impacts on aquaculture

Climate Hazard due to Climate Change Physical impacts Socio-Economic impacts
Temperature changes in sea water Increase harmful algal blooms.

Decreased oxygen level.

Increase in diseases and parasites.

Changes in ranges of suitable species.

Longer growing season.

Changes in production levels. Increase in fouling and pests.
Changes in currents and waves Decreased flushing rates (shell fish) leading to accumulation of waste under cages. Higher costs of maintenance.
Increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events Higher waves and storm surges

Salinity changes

Stock loss

Damage to facilities

Higher insurance costs

Changes in suitability of sites

Key figures

26 000 commercial rotations on the Island per year by 2 main companies: Corsica Linea and Corsica Ferries ;
Subsidised activity from Marseille for Corsica Linea in order to ensure « territorial continuity », also with the objective to open Corsica to international markets ;
Important and highly emissive Cruise sector : 400k cruise tourists arrived in Ajaccio in 2016 ;
Important Yacht leisure industry: 40k leisure boats in Corsica.

Climate change impacts on maritime transport

Climate Hazard due to Climate Change Physical impacts Socio-Economic impacts
Heat-waves Maritime transport produce a very high amount of fine particles, polluting the air, phenomenon which is worsened during heat waves.
Extreme weather events and Sea level rise Infrastructure damage. Higher insurance costs.

Cancellations of trips.

Need for new port investments over the long-term.

The energy mix in Corsica is fossil fuel dependent (40%), relies on imports from Italy and Sardinia’s (30%), and uses 20% of hydro energy.

Corsica is one of the first territory to have developed a « Renewable Energies Development Program ».

Climate change impacts on marine energy

Climate Hazard due to Climate Change Physical impacts Socio-Economic impacts
Heat-waves More electric consumption because of the use of air conditioners, mainly in summer when the electric system is at the limits of its producing capabilities.
Extreme weather events Infrastructure damage.
Droughts Less water storage in electrical dams. Less hydro energy production leading to more dependence on fuel energy.
Short description

Short description

Historically, Corsican were mountain people until the 19th century: each coastal city is closely linked to a mountain village. Indeed, coasts were a synonym of disease (malaria) and of pirate incursions. The history of the island is a...

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Local Working group

Local Working group

The following partners are involved in the study of Corsica: TEC (Island Focal Point) NOA UCLM ULPGC The following local stakeholders have declared their interest in participating in the local study of Corsica in the frame of the Soclimpact...

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