Blue economy sectors

Every year around 300,000 visitors, day visitors not counted, come to the island. Especially during the holiday season usually all beds are booked out. Holidays on Fehmarn have grown particularly popular since the establishment of the Fehmarn Straits Bridge

in 1963. The bridge made it easier and quicker for residents of the mainland to come to Fehmarn.Übersetzung in Englisch.

Today’s tourists on Fehmarn are looking for a mixture of beaching and active holidays with hiking, cycling and water sports such as sailing, kiting, surfing, canoeing and SUP. Once a year the Kitesurf World Cup takes place on Fehmarn and attracts around 100,000 visitors for the event alone.

Climate change impacts on tourism

Climate change could have two faces for the (tourism-dominated) economy of German Baltic islands:

  • Coastal protection and beach repairs do already cause high costs for municipalities. Rising sea temperatures cause altered bacterial loads that can have a negative effect on tourism. Blue-green algae bloom or too many jellyfish can be a thread.
  • On the other hand, the Baltic region can benefit from warmer air and water temperatures making it more attractive for tourists. The tourist season could be extended in spring and autumn.

Since 1963, Fehmarn is connected to the German mainland by the Fehmarn Straits Bridge. At the same time a large ferry hub was built in Puttgarden, in the north of the island. Using the bridge, trains from the mainland are able to cross the island and reach Puttgarden directly. From there passengers, cars and trains are shipped by ferry to Rödby in Denmark. The route across Fehmarn is the shortest link between Hamburg and Copenhagen and was heavily used through centuries.

But with the completion of the bridge that is crossing the Great Belt in Denmark since 1998, a road and railway connection without interruptions from the European mainland to Copenhagen and from there to Malmö in Sweden exists. Since then, there is much less freight traffic passing Puttgarden, as the trains prefer to take a detour rather than loosing time beeing loaded on ferries. Nevertheless most passenger trains from Hamburg to Copenhagen still cross the island. The regional train from Lübeck ends in Puttgarden. After the planned construction of a Fehmarnbelt crossing from Puttgarden via tunnel to Denmark (planned completion 2028), the ferry service in Puttgarden will be stopped.

Burgstaaken, the second important port of Fehmarn, is mainly of regional relevance. It serves as the home port for local fishing boats and from here agricultural products from the island, mainly cereals, are shipped to the mainland. In addition, the port has touristic value with the submarine museum, the marina, gastronomy and other touristic infrastructure.

Since 1991, wind turbines have been built on Fehmarn.

Five wind farms have been built up to now; With 34 wind turbines, the “wind farm Fehmarn” was formerly in the Guinness Book of Records as Germany’s largest wind farm.

At first, the construction of these facilities was controversial among the inhabitants of the island. On the one hand they secure jobs and generate high trade tax revenues, but on the other hand they affect the traditional agricultural environment and might also have an impact on tourism. However, the large majority of the inhabitants have a positive attitude towards the plants by now.

Since the mid-2000s, the wind farms have been re-powered to reduce the number of individual installations while increasing the installed power and power output. The number of 144 wind turbines is to be reduced by the set-up of larger and more efficient wheels to about 120. Until August 2010 112 wind turbines with a total power of 50 MW were replaced by 74 new plants with a rated output of 166 MW. The current capacity increased from 104 to 380 GWh per annum, which corresponds to the electricity consumption of 109,000 households.

Around 30 km northeast of Fehmarn the Danish offshore wind farm Rødsand is located, which was the largest offshore wind farm in the world when it was built. As there are also an above-average number of solar installations per capita and biomass generation, Fehmarn’s energy production surpasses its own electricity consumption from renewable energy sources by far.

Short description

Short description

Übersetzung in Englisch. Fehmarn is a German Baltic Sea island and the third largest island in Germany after Rügen and Usedom. Its capital and administrative seat is Burg on Fehmarn. The islands economy is dominated by agriculture and tourism....

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Local Working group

Local Working group

The following partners are involved in the study of the Fehmarn island: BEF: Baltic Environmental Forum Germany (Island Focal Point) Goethe University Frankfurt/Main  ...

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